Filipino (m.) And Filipina (f.) Is the name for the inhabitants in the Tagalog (or the official language, the Filipino), as well as the local English and Spanish. The colloquial form is Pinoy or Pinay (Tagalog, colloquial language). In German you can also say Filipino / Filipina. On the side of the German Federal Foreign Office, however, Filipino and Filipino are recommended.
The total population according to the census in 2010 was 92,337,852 inhabitants.
The term Filipino refers to the nationality and population in general, no ethnicity. The majority of the population (95%) is made up of ethnic groups who speak Australian languages, have immigrated in successive waves from Taiwan, and have intermarried with later immigrants from southern China. They can be divided into three large groupings:
Christians, who were coined by the Spanish colonial rule. They form more than 90% of the Filipino population.
Muslims who were only subjected to the US colonial period. About 5% of the Filipino population belong to it.
Tribes, which were hardly influenced by Islam and the Spaniards.
Ethnically mixed population groups account for a further 1% of the population and continue to play an economically important role in the Philippines due to the colonial history, although the Chinese increasingly compete with them. Apart from Malay-Spanish (mostly living in the south of Mindanao and speaking of a Spanish Creole language, Chavacano), there are also about 300,000 Chinese and some 20,000 Japanese-Malayian Filipinos. Officially only 17,000 Spanish Filipinos live in the country.
The idea of a Philippine identity first emerged among the Christian lowland inhabitants who were under Spanish colonial rule and, in conflict with this power, developed a national consciousness as a Filipino. At first, the Muslims and the inhabitants of the highlands were not included. Even today there are tensions between the Christian lowland inhabitants, who are predominant in all areas, on the one hand, and the predominantly Muslim highland inhabitants, who are partly unloaded in armed conflicts.
Among the Christian lowland inhabitants, the Tagales, which live on the island of Luzon, form the largest group. They make up 28.1% of the population and their language, the Tagalog, forms the basis for the Filipino, the official language of the Philippines.
Other groups are the Cebuanos and Sugboanons (13.1%), Ilokanos (9%), Bisayas / Binisayas (7.6%), Hiligaynons or Ilonggos (7.5%), Bikolanos (6%), Waray (3,4%), the Pangasináns, the Kapampangans, the Waraynons, the Masbatenyos, the Ibanag and the Butuanons.
The Maranao, Maguindanao, Samal, Yakan, Badjo, Tausug and the Jama Mapun are among the Muslim lowland inhabitants mainly living in the south and west Mindanaos and the Sulu archipelago.